On August 22nd we organized the commemorative rally to the pogrom in Rostock-Lichtenhagen 1992 with the Interventionische Linke Rostock. We document speeches, content and our motivation here. We are sorry, but ude to low capacity we can not provide translations of all the speeches. You find them in German in the German version of the page.
Purpose of the rally: Make continuities visible
The pogrom in Lichtenhagen was a bitter climax of racism at the beginning of the 1990s. Right-wing violence and racist debates preceded it. Law tightening and isolation followed. All of this is happening today too. Racist violence and institutional racism go hand in hand. Opposed to this are resistance, self-defense, protest and solidarity.
We want to make these continuities visible. We have therefore symbolically linked the historic location in Lichtenhagen with the initial reception center Nostorf-Horst, which is still in operation today. It is operated as a quasi-AnKER center. Asylum seekers are systematically isolated from society through the centralization of the asylum procedure and all the authorities involved. This idea already existed in the tightening of the law in the 1990s, in the spirit of which Horst was born. In recent years, the idea of isolation has been implemented in order to better control and deport.
If we want to name racism, it is part of our responsibility to make visible that part of history that is too often forgotten in the white majority society: the perspectives of those affected by racism. At the rally in Lichtenhagen, Dan Thy Nguyen, who has dealt intensively with the experience of the Vietnamese affected, spoke, as well as representatives of the Rostock Migrant Council, the Roma Center Göttingen and Women in Exile Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. (Former) residents and activists spoke in Horst, who named the institutional racism of camp politics.
Like racism, resistance and protest have continuities. Therefore it is important to keep alive the memory of the struggles of the Vietnamese victims in the "House of the Three Flowers", the often forgotten asylum seekers in the ZAST and the activists who raised their voices against the injustices in Horst - and much more to move into collective consciousness. Because it is these perspectives and voices that have to drive us in the fight against inequality and oppression.
We talked about the connection of insitutional racism and racist violence.
Dan Thy Nguyen, director and essayist, reported on the perspectives of Vietnamese contract workers who defended and saved themselves during the 1992 attack in the sunflower house. As part of a research, he dealt intensively with their experiences and biographies.
Seyhmus Atay-Lichtermann from the Migrant: Innenrat Rostock spoke about the demand of the Migrant Council: to have the right to speak and vote among the Rostock city parliament. As a Lichtenhäger boy, he experienced the climate of the 2000s in the district.
The Roma Center Göttingen drew attention to the situation of the Rom: nja, who sought asylum in Germany at the beginning of the 90s and were exposed to excesses of racist violence both in their countries of origin and here.
Two activists from Women in Exile Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania talked about everyday experiences in Rostock, about the solidarity they claim, and the current situation of women after the Taliban came to power in Afghanistan. In an audio contribution, Women in Exile also described their disappointment with the memorial stele, which has been supposed to commemorate the pogrom since 2017 in a hidden corner next to the sunflower house under the title "Vigilante justice". It is more like an ashtray than a worthy memory.
Cindy Hader from Chemnitz University reported on the history of the development of the Nostorf-Horst reception center in the early 90s. The camp is an example of the tightening of the asylum law in the 1990s, in which the federal and state governments insisted on isolating asylum seekers instead of effectively combating racism.
On the way to Horst, an activist of the No Lager movement reported on protests in front of Horst in the early 2000s, the first No Lager tour through MV and protests for freedom of movement before and during the G8 summit in Heiligendamm.
In Horst, a former resident reported on the bad situation in the facility and on the racism he experienced there.
A former resident described everyday life in the facility: poor food supply, the refusal of medical care, unannounced entry into the private living space by staff of the operator, etc. Regulations show the discriminatory and psychologically grueling everyday life of the residents: inside the facility.
A resident of Horst spoke about the lack of prospects and the pressure of having to live in the reception camp for several months under the circumstances.
Women in Exile pleaded for a strong and connected movement of those affected by the racist camp policy and appealed to the people in Horst to stand up for their rights.